Pediatric Speech Therapy By Jodi Norris

Understanding Speech

Jodi Norris, MS, CCC-SLP
Pediatric Speech Language Pathologist

Providing Speech and Language Therapy to Children in Mason, Ohio

Now a Proud Provider of the Autism Scholarship

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Services Provided
Screenings and assessments are completed to diagnose a variety of speech and language disorders. Outside evaluations are accepted and supported. Treatment is then individualized by targeting focused and measurable goals in a one on one therapeutic model where parent participation is encouraged. Homework is provided after every session to carry-over, master and generalize targeted goals into everyday life.

Articulation

An articulation disorder involves problems making sounds.  Sounds can be substituted, left off, added or changed.  These errors may make it hard for people to understand the child.  Articulation therapy focuses on the motor aspects of speech production and the clarity of speech sound production.  There are many different types of articulation disorders:

Apraxia:  Apraxia of speech, also known as developmental verbal apraxia or dyspraxia, is a motor speech disorder that first becomes apparent as a young child is learning speech.  Children with apraxia have great difficulty planning and producing the precise, highly refined and specific series of movements of the tongue, lips, jaw and palate that are necessary for intelligible speech.
Now offering PROMPT therapy.

Phonological Processing:  Phonological processes are the patterns that young children use to simplify adult speech.  All children use these processes while their speech and language skills are developing.  For example, very young children (ages 1 to 3) may say "wa-wa" for "water" or "tat" for "cat".  Other children may leave out the final sound in words (for example, "pi" for "pig" or "ha" for "hat").  Up to age 3, these are appropriate productions.  As children mature, so does their speech and they stop using these patterns to simplify words.  In fact, by age 5, most children stop using all phonological processes and their speech sounds more like the adults around them.

Stuttering/Fluency

A stuttering disorder can be described as having non-fluent speech.  Characteristics of non-fluent speech include repetition of sounds, syllables and phrases.  Prolongations or stretching of syllables may occur, as well as blocks or tense pauses.  Physical behaviors or reactions may also co-exist with the stuttering episodes.

Language Disorders

A language disorder may be either an expressive language disorder or a receptive language disorder or a combination of expressive and receptive language.

Expressive Language Disorder:  This occurs when a child demonstrates difficulty with verbal expression.  They may exhibit word retrieval difficulties, have limited vocabulary usage, present with difficulty producing longer phrases or sentences.  They may also experience difficulty using proper syntax, semantics or morphology.

Receptive Language:  This occurs when a child presents with difficulties in the ability to attend to, process, comprehend, retain or integrate spoken language. For example, he/she may have difficulty following directions, answering questions or may appear as if not attending to spoken language.

Pre-Literacy

Pre-Literacy or phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify and manipulate individual sounds in spoken words.  This involves blending, segmenting and/or deleting, syllableness and manipulation of phonemes.

Pre-reading Skills/Letter-Sound Recognition:  The ability to hear, identify and manipulate the individual sounds in words is a "pre-reading" skill that provides children with the ability to become aware that sounds are actually building blocks that can be used to construct words.  This therapy encourages children to become aware of the many sounds in their language.

Central Auditory Processing

A child with an auditory processing disorder presents with difficulty in processing the information they hear in the same way as others because their ears and brain don't fully coordinate.  Something adversely affects the way the brain recognizes and interprets sounds, most notably the sounds composing speech.  Children with CAPD often do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words, even when the sounds are loud and clear enough to be heard. Many children with apraxia end up being diagnosed with central auditory processing disorders when they reach elemetary school age.

Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication and restricted and repetitive behavior.

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